Gynecomastia is the enlargement of the breast tissue generally caused due to the imbalance created between the male and the female hormones. This imbalance can be caused due to various underlying issues.
This enlargement of breast tissue can cause serious embarrassment and may hamper the process of self-growth. The person may feel shy always and doesn't feel good at any time. He is not able to wear tight-fit t-shirts due to the social stigma surrounding Gynecomastia. This causes huge embarrassment for the person and the family as well. Such a person should not be teased and he should also go for counseling if possible to overcome this problem.
Signs and symptoms of Gynecomastia
Gynecomastia can be easily identified by the person by feeling it right on the chest. He can observe the following signs and symptoms-
Tenderness in the breast tissue
Poking or puffy nipples
Inflammation in the glandular tissue of the breasts.
This all results in the enlargement of breast tissue. Usually, a male body produces both types of hormones, male and female. The only difference is that in a normal person, the amount of male hormone is more than the female hormone while in a Gynecomastia person, the amount of male hormone is either less or comparatively lesser than the female hormone. The low level of Testosterone can be contributed by various factors that we will discuss later in this article but before that let's discuss the anatomy of the Gynecomastia breast.
Many a time, obesity is also associated with the development of enlarged breasts. However, this enlargement of the breast is not Gynecomastia but pseudo gynecomastia. This pseudo-gynecomastia can be reduced easily by gymming and exercising.
Gynecomastia, once developed, can't be rectified again by simply gymming and exercising as the enlargement is not purely due to the inflammation in the breast tissue but also due to the inflammation of the glands in the breast region.
Causes of low testosterone levels
The main cause of Gynecomastia is low levels of testosterone. However, low testosterone can be caused by Various underlying issues such as-
Any accident resulting in dysfunctional testes
Diseases that affect parts of the brain, such as the hypothalamus and the pituitary gland which are responsible for secreting and regulating the hormones.
Inflammation (swelling) in the testes
Cancer of testes
Abnormal weight gain
Intake of steroids (if you are on one then stop)
High estrogen levels
Any damage in the cells of the testes (male sex organ) that produce testosterone
Types of Gynecomastia
The Gynecomastia is divided into different types of grades based on the severity level. The various grades of Gynecomastia like Grade I: Minimal. Grade II: Moderate. Grade III: moderate to Severe. Grade IV: Severe.
Treatment of Gynecomastia
The ultimate treatment for Gynecomastia is surgery. The procedure is done under local as well as general anesthesia and the patient may go back home the same day. The cost of the treatment also depends upon the grade of Gynecomastia and the expertise of the surgeon. One thing to make sure of here is that the surgery should always be performed by a plastic surgeon only. He/she should have a great amount of experience in the relevant sector also so that there are no after-surgery complications that may cause severe problems. The surgery should also be performed only at a hospital/clinic with good facilities and follow-ups. Dr. Amit Gupta is the best gynecomastia surgeon in Delhi at very affordable prices.
Complications related to Gynecomastia surgery-
The surgery is also associated with various post-surgery complications such as-
Formation of seroma
Pain and inflammation at the site of surgery
Infection/Sepsis due to the usage of non sterilized equipment
Formation of hard capsule
Thickening of skin at the site of surgery
Things to look for in a Plastic surgeon
You just can't get this eminent surgery done by any random plastic surgeon. This surgery should always be done by a plastic surgeon with the following qualities-
Good clinical setup
Authentic certificates and degree
Well experienced and skilled staff
Where can I get Gynecomastia surgery done in Delhi NCR?
If you are facing social problems, then you can opt for Gynecomastia surgery by Dr. Amit Gupta. He is India’s most trusted plastic surgeon in Delhi NCR. His clinic Divine Cosmetic Surgery is the most trusted center for plastic surgeries ensuring patients' care at par with all the necessary safety standards and follow-ups. Dr. AMit does not do only gynecomastia surgery he also does hair transplant, body contouring, and tummy tuck surgery in Delhi.
He is a Well-known Sr Plastic Surgeon & Plastic Surgeon In Delhi, India, And In Many Countries Worldwide. He has performed 15000+ plastic surgeries including Gynecomastia surgery. He has a wide experience of more than 17 years in plastic surgeries. In Gynecomastia cases liposuction surgery is compulsory.